Medical Tuesday Blog

Exercising to Lose Weight

Dec 9

Written by: Del Meyer
12/09/2017 1:13 PM 

Hans-Peter Kubis- Bangor University (GB)

Hans-Peter Kubis is Director of the Health Exercise and Rehabilitation group. His main research area is the prevention and treatment of obesity, as well as its underlying causes and mechanisms on physiological and psychological levels. This includes the development of weight loss strategies, techniques for investigating perceptual responses to food, analysing the interaction of nutrients and metabolism on whole body and cellular levels. Moreover, he investigates the pathophysiology of chronic diseases connected with obesity like obstructive sleep apnoea and diabetes type II.  https://www.bangor.ac.uk/sport/staff-hpk.php 

  • Weight loss interventions, like typical diets, lead only to transient weight loss and often people even regain more weight after taking part in diet interventions. In this PhD, we developed a new weight loss intervention based on multiple behavioural and nutritional guidelines, which are shown to be important for maintaining a healthy weight. A novel approach based on behavioural theories was developed for maximizing independence of participants in their effort to lose weight. A system of behavioural commandments for reflective work on eating behaviour was developed and the intervention was tested on different population groups. (PhD student Mishal Alshubrami**)
  • Exercise is often prescribed for weight loss purposes; however, often people achieve less than expected and some even gain weight. In this PhD project we are investigating the influence of appetite hormones for the weight response to exercise training. It is assumed that some appetite hormones levels will be able to explain some of the variability of weight change after exercise training. Understanding the contribution of appetite hormone responses during exercise training will help to support participants in their efforts to control their weight. (PhD student Fardin Fatahi**)
  • Obesity is a worldwide growing problem; in this PhD project, we are investigating perceptual responses to food using a novel phone application. It was recently hypothesized, that obese individuals would have a greater drive towards food, as well as having a more frequent and intensified wanting. Moreover, it has been suggested that individuals with obesity have an altered reward response to food; they would like food different to lean people. Using our phone application, we measure perceptual responses to food of people with and without obesity in their personal environment over longer time periods to increase understanding and possible treatment of overeating. (PhD student Kholoud Alabduljader**)
  • People train for improvement of cardiovascular fitness; however, unfortunately, some people do not improve their fitness level quickly, or even fail to achieve any improvement at all. In this PhD sedentary people are trained and their training responses analysed on various physiological levels, including body composition, VO2max, metabolic blood markers and hormones. It is aimed to understand more about the reasons of a failed adaptation to exercise training and look for crucial factors predicting responders and non-responders towards exercise training. Understanding underlying mechanisms, which might counteract training responses, will help people to avoid stimuli that could suppress training responses. (PhD student Matthew Jackson**)

Read the entire report at https://www.bangor.ac.uk/sport/staff-hpk.php

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